The Rejected Impeachment: Understanding the Verdict on Former Minister Lee Sang-min


In a recent landmark decision, the Constitutional Court unanimously rejected the impeachment trial against former Minister of Administration and Safety, Lee Sang-min, with a 9-0 ruling. The court determined that although Minister Lee’s response to the Itaewon tragedy was inadequate, it did not constitute a violation of the constitution or the law. However, the court did find that his post-tragedy statements were inappropriate, with all nine judges agreeing on this point. Let’s delve deeper into the details of the court’s ruling and its implications.

Background: The Itaewon Tragedy

The Itaewon tragedy was a devastating event that shook South Korea, involving a large-scale and high-risk festival that resulted in multiple casualties and injuries. In the aftermath, questions arose about the government’s preparedness and handling of the situation, leading to widespread public outcry and demands for accountability.

The Impeachment Trial

The impeachment trial against Minister Lee Sang-min was a crucial juncture for the nation as it sought to address the failings in the government’s response to the Itaewon tragedy. The court examined three key aspects of the case:

  1. Prevention Measures: The court considered Minister Lee’s actions in the pre-event phase, where he had requested improvements for the festival’s safety but had not received adequate reports from the authorities about potential risks.
  2. Post-Disaster Response: The court evaluated the delay in setting up the Central Safety Measures Headquarters after the tragedy. While some argued that prompt action was essential, the court reasoned that in the midst of a chaotic disaster, making immediate decisions could be challenging.
  3. Inappropriate Statements: All nine judges unanimously found Minister Lee’s post-tragedy statements to be inappropriate. He downplayed the severity of the incident, leading to accusations of violating the dignity and conduct expected of a high-ranking government official.

Court’s Verdict and Rationale

The Constitutional Court’s ruling ultimately rested on its assessment of the three key aspects mentioned earlier. While it acknowledged shortcomings in Minister Lee’s response, it did not find grounds for impeachment based on a violation of the constitution or the law. The court emphasized that the Itaewon tragedy resulted from multiple factors and that attributing sole responsibility to one individual would be overly simplistic.

The Implications

The rejection of the impeachment petition has drawn mixed reactions from the public. Some argue that the court’s decision could set a precedent for leniency towards officials’ accountability in disaster situations. On the other hand, supporters of the ruling contend that it upholds the principle of adhering strictly to the constitution and the law, preventing an unjust removal of a public official without clear evidence of constitutional violations.


The rejection of the impeachment petition against former Minister Lee Sang-min by the Constitutional Court has sparked discussions about accountability, crisis management, and the expectations from government officials in times of tragedy. The ruling highlights the importance of careful evaluation of officials’ actions while ensuring adherence to legal and constitutional standards. As the nation reflects on this significant decision, it must strive for continuous improvements in disaster preparedness and response mechanisms to prevent similar tragedies in the future.